Perimeter Protection Best Practices – Are You Implementing Them?
Your customers and personnel rely on building security to protect them daily while they perform their assigned duties or look to purchase products or services from you. The responsibility falls on security personnel to man and monitor security checkpoints and monitoring stations; however, there needs to be industry best practices instituted that will improve physical perimeter security, if not already in use. To better understand what the best practices are, we need to look closer at each one.
The 5 D’s of Perimeter Physical Security:
Deter: The ability of the facility to deter intrusion or negative action by a potential intruder is the best and most preferred ability of perimeter security. Deterrence can start simply with obvious warnings against intrusion or trespassing. Examples include warning signs, audio announcements, lighting, guard dogs, robots, and fences topped with razor ribbon. For vehicle deterrence, bollards are designed to ward off unauthorized traffic and are a first line of defense against vehicular terrorist intrusions.
Detect: Detecting intruders is the electronic portion of a layered physical perimeter security plan. Alarm sensors add back up necessary to warn and alert security personnel.
Dispatch: Once an intruder has been detected on the perimeter, a proper security response is needed. This can be notification of local police by the central monitoring station or notifying onsite guard services.
Delay: Proper inclusion of physical barriers to entry can delay the progress of an intruder allowing valuable time for security and eventual local authority response. With the right mix of bollards, drop arm barriers, and vertical pivot gates, intruders will have to fight their way in.
Denial: Access denial is the result that security should make every effort to achieve. Crash gates and barriers can deny access by stopping vehicles abruptly. Crash gates and wedge barriers are specifically designed to withstand extreme crash ratings. A good reference for additional ideas and information regarding recommendations for denial for perimeter physical security is “Site and Urban Design of Security: Guidance against Potential Terrorist Attacks, FEMA 430.”
Defend: The last level of perimeter physical security is defending the facility and personnel from unauthorized intrusion or terrorist activity. It is the goal of all the other physical and electronic security measures to avoid a serious confrontation. However, first-responder personnel should be trained and ready for prompt action.
Perimeter Protection Best Practices
Best Practices are implementation enhancements that, when included with a comprehensive physical security plan, assists security in approaching its optimal protection level. There is always room for improvement. The team of experts at BBRSS can assist in making sure your facility has all the proper protection equipment and it is properly maintained and serviced.