The Importance of Facility Perimeter Protection
When we, at BBRSS, speak about facility perimeter protection, we are looking at the physical perimeter surrounding a building, facility, or structure. This is the first line of defense against unauthorized access. The perimeter of any facility is composed of two basic parts:
- Natural protective barriers are mountains and deserts, cliffs and ditches, water obstacles, or other terrain features that are difficult to traverse.
- Structural protective barriers are man-made devices (such as fences, walls, floors, roofs, grills, bars, roadblocks, signs, or other construction) used to restrict, channel, or impede progress.
For the purposes of our discussion, we are focused on #2, structural protective man-made barriers. The initial layer begins with a well-designed perimeter fence, which will need to be built to fit your unique situation. However, not all facilities require a fence or is a fence possible. Restaurants, Malls, Shopping Centers, etc. fences are not plausible or feasible, however, they are perfect examples of places that can utilize high and low speed bollards. Bollards are designed for protection and traffic control. Other parts of physical security are products designed for entry/exit points such as crash gates, arms, etc.
The level of protection your facility requires is determined by the risks associated with your industry; a restaurant does not require the same level of security as an airport or nuclear power plant. The types of security threats for a restaurant typically revolves around the protection of pedestrians from unwanted vehicle interaction. An airport must have protection from high speed vehicle intrusion, unauthorized personnel, criminal activity and terrorism.
Commercial facilities must take a good look at their physical perimeter security and determine if they are adequately protecting their people and assets from every possible scenario. Security starts at the perimeter.